Senator Arthur Watkins, principal sponsor of the Indian Termination Act.
termination refers to Public Law 280 which was passed by the U.S.
Congress in 1953 in a thinly veiled (and unsuccessful) attempt to
begin severing the trust doctrine between Indian tribes and the
federal government by formally disbanding Indian tribes as legal
entities, and giving state governments authority over their lands
and resources. The effort was led in the U.S. Congress by
Sen. Arthur Watkins and Representative Reva Beck, both Mormons from
Utah - a state which viewed the sovereignty, and land holdings, of
the Ute Indians as an impediment to the progress of non-native
Public Law 280, the legislative heart and soul of
Termination Era initiatives to dismantle the federal trust system
with the Indian tribes, sought to wrest valuable Indian lands (and
resources) from the sovereign control of Indian nations.
objective of these lawmakers was to break the treaty obligations of
the federal government. The law was repealed in the late
1950s. Several tribes that were terminated, such as the
Menominee of Wisconsin, and the Klamath of Oregon, have since been
reinstated as federally recognized tribes. http://www.airpi.org/projects/history.html