Spain and France ratify the
secret treaty of San Ildefonso in October, transfering Louisiana
back to France after Spain held it in 'safe keeping' following the
French and Indian War to prevent England from seizing commercial
rights to the Mississippi. Joseph Bonaparte, brother of
Napoleon, struck the deal with Spain.
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France was now
able to recover its vastness holdings in the New World.
Napoleon, the geo-political mastermind of the 19th century,
had plans to reshape the world. First, he would move France's
territories on the larger game board into a position that would
help him bring Europe to armistice that would fulfill his dream of
a unified Europe.
Also, the U.S must be appeased or it would be driven into
an unholy alliance with England, so Napoleon put the diplomatic
machinery to work by secretly demanding a return of Louisiana from
Spain, and that transfer was effected without England or the United
States being any the wiser.