1500 - Hidatsa reach the Missouri

A depiction of the Hidatsa scalp dance, by artist Karl Bodmer

     Evidence gathered from recent excavations of Indian village sites on the upper Missouri river shows that the Mandans were building strongly fortified buildings and villages, and shards of pottery appearing in Mandan sites after 1550 indicated that the first Hidatsa groups, probably the Awatixa and their close Mountain Crow relatives, reached the Missouri about this time or a little later.  Awatixa pottery and culture were strongly influenced by the more numerous Mandan.  for more, click here