1877 - Sioux nations surrender

Sioux warriors, once the freest people on the Great Plains with treaties that guaranteed them perpetual rights to their lands in the Black Hills, had lost everything they were promised and now retreated to an isolated existence on reservations.

           The victory over Custer's 7th Cavalry at the Little Big Horn marked the beginning of the end for the Sioux resistance against the federal government's military efforts to corral them onto reservations. 

          Crazy Horse, only 35 years old, led 900 Oglala to a surrender ceremony at Fort Robinson on the Red Cloud Agency where he was stabbed to death by one of his own tribe when they tried to imprison him.  Sitting Bull led the Hunkpapa to the safety of Canada but surrendered to the U.S. Army after four difficult years and agreed to live peacefully on the Standing Rock reservation in North Dakota.